Information by Country 

National Holiday & Consulate information

Map of Spanish speaking countries

Information for this page has been extracted from the following websites: http://protocol.dfat.gov.au/Consulate/list.rails

http://www.infoplease.com/

 

for more information refer to above links or consulate links.

Argentina - 25th of May

MAP OF ARGENTINA
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Iguazu Falls

National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:   

Ethnicity/race:                          

 

 

NationalHoliday:                        

 

Link to Consulate information: 

Republica Argentina

Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (2007)

1,056,636 sq mi (2,736,690 sq km);

42,192,494 (growth rate: 1.0%)

Buenos Aires

Peso

Spanish (official), English, Italian, German,French

white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), other non white groups 3%

Revolution Day, May 25

 

http://eaust.mrecic.gov.ar/

Bolivia - 6th of August

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National name:                        

President:  

Land area:                              

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ethnicity/race:                          

NationalHoliday: 

                       

Link to Consulate information: 

República de Bolivia

Evo Morales (2006)

418,683 sq mi (1,084,389 sq km)

9,947,418 (growth rate: 1.7%)

Sucre

Bolivian boliviano

Spanish, Quechua, Aymara (all official)

Guaraní, Leco, Chiquitano, Puquina, Mòoré, Baure, Araona, Machiguenga, Tsimané, Kallawaya, Movi, Cayubaba, Yaminahua, Canichana, Chakobo, Itonama, Yuracaré, Ayoreo, Pacahuara, Uru, Sirionó, Reyesano, Yuqui, Guarayu, Tacana,  Pauserna , Wichí Lhamtés Nocten , Cavineña,     Tapieté , Toromono , Itene , Moxos.

Quechua 30%, mestizo 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%

Independence Day, August 6

 

http://www.bolivia.org.au/

Chile - 18th of September

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National name:                        

President:                               

Land Area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:   

Ethnicity/race:                          

 

NationalHoliday:                        

 

Link to Consulate information: 

República de Chile

Michelle Bachelet (2014)

289,112 sq mi (748,800 sq km)

17,067,396 (growth rate: 0.88

Santiago

Chilean Peso

Spanish

white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2% 

Independence Day, September 18

 

http://chileabroad.gov.cl/sydney/en/

Colombia - 20th of July

National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:   

Ethnicity/race:                          

 

NationalHoliday:                        

 

Link to Consulate information: 

República de Colombia

Juan Manuel Santos (2010)

401,042 sq mi (1,038,699 sq km)

45,239,079 (growth rate: 1.13%)

Santa fé de Bogotá

Colombian Peso

Spanish

mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%

Independence Day, July 20

 

http://sydney.consulado.gov.co/

Costa Rica - 15th of September

National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:   

Ethnicity/race:                          

 

NationalHoliday:                        

 

Link to Consulate information: 

República de Costa Rica

Luis Guillermo Solís (2014)

19,560 sq mi (50,660 sq km)

4,636,348 (growth rate: 1.29%)

San José

Colón

Spanish (official), English

white (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%

Independence Day, September 15

 

http://protocol.dfat.gov.au/Consulate/view.rails?id=49

Dominican Republic - 27th February

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National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:   

Ethnicity/race:                          

NationalHoliday:                        

Link to Consulate information: 

República Dominicana

Danilo Medina (August 2012)

18,680 sq mi (48,381 sq km)

10,088,598 (growth rate: 1.31%)

Santo Domingo

Dominican Peso

Spanish

white 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%

Independence Day, February 27

 

http://protocol.dfat.gov.au/Consulate/view.rails?id=59

Ecuador - 10th of August

National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:   

Ethnicity/race:  

                        

NationalHoliday:                       

 

Link to Consulate information: 

República del Ecuador

Rafael Correa (2007)

106,888 sq mi (276,840 sq km)

15,223,680 (growth rate: 1.42%)

Quito

U.S. dollar

Spanish (official), Quechua, other Amerindian languages

mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%

Independence Day, August 10

 

http://www.ecuador-au.org/site/bda10.php?ec=e

El Salvador - 15th of September

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National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:   

Ethnicity/race:                

NationalHoliday:                        

Link to Consulate information: 

República de El Salvador

Salvador Sánchez Cerén (2014)

8,000 sq mi (20,720 sq km)

6,052,064 (growth rate: 0.3%)

San Salvador, 1,791,700 (metro. area)

Colón; U.S. dollar

Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)

mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%

Independence Day, September 15

Guatemala - 15th of September

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National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

 

 

Ethnicity/race:  

 

 

              

NationalHoliday:                        

Link to Consulate information: 

República de Guatemala

Otto Pérez Molina (2012)

41,865 sq mi (108,430 sq km)

14,373,472 (growth rate: 1.91%)

Guatemala City

Quetzal

Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)

mestizo (Ladino)—mixed Amerindian-Spanish ancestry and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%,Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001)

Independence Day, September 15

 

http://protocol.dfat.gov.au/Consulate/view.rails?id=81

Mexico - 16th of September

 

National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

 

Ethnicity/race:  

 

NationalHoliday:                        

Link to Consulate information: 

República de Mexico

Enrique Peña Nieto (2012)

742,485 sq mi (1,923,039 sq km)

112,468,855 (growth rate: 1.1)

Mexico City

Mexican peso

Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages

mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%

Independence Day, September 16

 

http://embamex.sre.gob.mx/australia/index.php/es

Nicaragua - 15th of September

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National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

 

Ethnicity/race:  

NationalHoliday:                       Link to Consulate information: 

República de Nicaragua

Daniel Ortega (20007)

46,430 sq mi (120,254 sq km)

5,995,928 (growth rate: 1.7)

Managua

Gold Cordoba

Spanish 98% (official); English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast (1995)
mestizo 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%

Independence Day, September 15

Panama - November

National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

Ethnicity/race:  

 

NationalHoliday:                        

 

 

 

 

Link to Consulate information: 

República de Panamá

Juan Carlos Varela (2014)

29,340 sq mi (75,991 sq km)

3,510,045 (growth rate: 1.41%)

Panama City

balboa; U.S. dollar

Spanish (official), English 14%, many bilingual

mestizo 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Indian 6%

November is the month when Panamanians celebrate important moments of their history.  To honour these days, the country get dressed in red, white and blue.

3rd of November – Independence from Colombia

28th of November – Independence from Spain

 

http://protocol.dfat.gov.au/Consulate/view.rails?id=156

Paraguay - 14th & 15th May

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National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

Ethnicity/race:  

NationalHoliday:                        

 

Link to Consulate information: 

República del Paraguay

Horacio Cartes (2013)

153,398 sq mi (397,301 sq km

6,541,591 (growth rate: 1.256%);

Asunción

Guaraní

Spanish, Guaraní (both official)

mestizo 95%

Paraguayans set aside two days to celebrate their Independence from Spain, May 14 and 15 

Peru - 28th of July

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National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

 

Ethnicity/race: 

 

NationalHoliday:                        

Link to Consulate information: 

República del Perú

Ollanta Humala (2011)

494,208 sq mi (1,279,999 sq km)

29,549,517 (growth rate: 1.02%)

Lima

Nuevo sol (1991)

Spanish, Quéchua (both official); Aymara; many minor Amazonian languages

Amerindian 45%, mestizo 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%

Independence Day, July 28

 

http://www.consulperuau.org/

Puerto Rico

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National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

Ethnicity/race: 

 

                     

 

Link to Consulate information: 

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Luis Fortuño (2009)

3,459 sq mi (8,959 sq km)

3,998,905 (growth rate: 0.24%)

San Juan, 2,478,905

U.S. dollar

Spanish and English (both official)

white (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8% Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 0.9%

 

  

Spain - 12th of October

Reino de España

King Felipe VI (2014)

Mariano Rajoy (2011)

192,819 sq mi (499,401 sq km)

47,042,984 (growth rate: 0.654%)

Madrid

Euro (formerly peseta)

Castilian Spanish 74% (official nationwide); Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% (each official regionally)

composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types

Dia de la Hispanidad, October 12 

 

http://protocol.dfat.gov.au/Consulate/view.rails?id=185

National name:                        

Ruler: 

Prime Minister:                               

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

 

Ethnicity/race:  

NationalHoliday:                        

 

Link to Consulate information: 

Uruguay - 25th of August

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National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

Ethnicity/race:

National Holiday: 

                  

Link to Consulate information: 

República Oriental del Uruguay

José Mujica (2010)

67,035 sq mi (173,621 sq km)

3,316,328 (growth rate: 0.24%)

Montevideo

Uruguay peso

Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero

white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%

Independence Day, August 25

 

http://protocol.dfat.gov.au/Consulate/view.rails?id=213

Venezuela - 5th of July

 
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National name:                        

President:                                

Land area:                               

Population (2012 est.):             

Capital and largest city:            

Monetary unit:                         

Languages:  

Ethnicity/race:

 

National Holiday: 

                  

Link to Consulate information: 

República Bolivariana de Venezuela

Nicolas Maduro (2013)

340,560 sq mi (882,050 sq km)

28,047,938 (growth rate: 1.468%);

Caracas,

Bolivar

Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects

Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people

Independence Day, July 5                 

 

http://australia.embajada.gob.ve/

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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